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Company Tax

Updated: Aug 15, 2022

Tax Rate of Company


Year Assessment 2020:


- Company with paid up capital not more than RM2.5 million

On first RM600,000 17%

Subsequent Balance 24%


- Company with paid up capital more than RM2.5 million 24%


Dividend


Under the single-tier tax system, corporate income is taxed at corporate level and this is a final tax. Companies may declare single tier exempt dividend that would be exempt from tax in the hands of their shareholders.


Single tier tax system


Tax paid by a company is a final tax

No tax is being deducted from dividend paid, credited or distributed to shareholders

Dividends are exempt in the hands of shareholders


ENTERTAINMENT EXPENSE


“Entertainment” includes:


(a) the provision of food, drink, recreation or hospitality of any kind; or


(b) the provision of accommodation or travel in connection with or for the purpose of facilitating entertainment of the kind mentioned above,


by a person or an employee of his, with or without consideration paid whether in cash or in kind, in promoting or in connection with a trade or business carried on by that person.


“Entertainment related wholly to sales” means entertainment directly related to sales provided to customers, dealers and distributors but excluding suppliers.


“Recreation and hospitality” would include:


(a) a trip to a theme park or a recreation centre;


(b) a stay at a holiday resort;


(c) tickets to a show or theatre; and


(d) gifts and give-aways.


Deduction for Entertainment Expense


An entertainment expense that is wholly and exclusively incurred in the production of gross income under subsection 33(1) of the ITA is allowed a deduction of fifty percent (50%) only unless that expense falls within any of the specified categories in provisos (i) to (viii) of paragraph 39(1)(l) of the ITA, then it qualifies for a deduction of one hundred percent (100%).


Principles in Determining the Allowable Entertainment Expense


In determining whether an entertainment expense can be allowed as a deduction and the amount to be allowed as a deduction, the following steps have to be adhered to:


(a) Determine whether the expense falls within the definition of entertainment as provided under section 18 of the ITA. No deduction is allowed as entertainment expense if the expenditure does not fall within the definition of entertainment.


Example 1


Megah Jaya Sdn Bhd held an annual dinner for its employees and incurred a cost of RM10,000. The expense of RM10,000 incurred by Megah Jaya Sdn Bhd is an entertainment expense under section 18 of the ITA.


(b) If the expense falls within the definition of entertainment provided under section 18 of the ITA, determine whether the expense is wholly and exclusively incurred in the production of gross income under subsection 33(1) of the ITA. If the expense is not wholly and exclusively incurred in the production of gross income, then the expense is not allowed a deduction. The test under subsection 33(1) of the ITA is also applicable to entertainment expense as it is applicable to other expenses.


Example 2


Wendy Sdn Bhd gave its customer a microwave oven as a wedding gift. The expense incurred on the wedding gift is an entertainment expense but is not allowed a deduction because it is not wholly and exclusively incurred in the production of gross income under subsection 33(1) of the ITA.


Example 3


A real property sales agent made an appointment with Mr. Ravi at a restaurant to discuss the purchase of a house proposed by the agent. The agent incurred the whole cost of lunch for himself and his potential customer, Mr. Ravi.


The expense incurred on lunch provided is an entertainment expense. However no deduction is allowed in relation to the entertainment provided to a potential customer because it is not wholly and exclusively incurred in the production of gross income under subsection 33(1) of the ITA.


(c) If the entertainment expense is allowable under subsection 33(1) of the ITA, determine whether that expense is included in any of the categories of entertainment expense specified under provisos (i) to (viii) to paragraph 39(1)(l) of the ITA. If the expense is included in any of those provisos, a deduction of one hundred percent (100%) against gross income is allowed. The remaining entertainment expense which does not fall within the mentioned provisos is allowed a fifty percent (50%) deduction against gross income.


Entertainment Expense which Qualifies for a One Hundred Percent (100%) Deduction


Entertainment expense which is wholly and exclusively incurred in the production of gross income under subsection 33(1) of the ITA and falls within any of the provisos (i) to (viii) to paragraph 39(1)(l) of the ITA is fully allowable. The categories of entertainment expense are as follows:


1. The provision of entertainment to employees - proviso (i) to paragraph 39(1)(l) of the ITA


Expenditure on food, drink and recreation provided to employees except where such expenditure is incidental to the provision of entertainment for others.


Examples of such entertainment expenses are expenses on free meals and refreshment, annual dinners, outings, family day or club membership for employees.


Example 4


Duyong Emas Sdn Bhd entertains its employees at an annual dinner on 10 December 2014 and some of its suppliers are also present. The cost of the dinner is RM25,000.


The purpose of the annual dinner is to entertain the employees of Duyong Emas Sdn Bhd and the entertainment to its suppliers is only incidental to the provision of entertainment to its employees. As such, the whole amount of entertainment expense incurred amounting to RM25,000 is allowable.


2. The provision of entertainment for payment in the ordinary course of business - proviso (ii) to paragraph 39(1)(l) of the ITA


Expenditure on entertainment provided to customers in the ordinary course of business where the payment is imposed for providing that entertainment.


Examples of such entertainment are:


(a) providing cultural shows by restaurants or hotels at their premises to entertain their customers; and


(b) meals provided by airlines or other transportation business to its passengers.


3. The provision of promotional gifts at trade fairs or trade exhibitions or industrial exhibitions outside Malaysia - proviso (iii) to paragraph 39(1)(l) of the ITA


Expenditure incurred on promotional gifts at trade fairs or trade exhibitions or industrial exhibitions held outside Malaysia for the purpose of promoting exports from Malaysia.


Examples of such entertainment expenses are expenditure incurred on samples of products of the business, small souvenirs, bags, and travel tickets provided as gifts to customers or visitors at the trade fairs or trade exhibitions or industrial exhibitions held outside Malaysia.


4. The provision of promotional samples of products of the business - proviso (iv) to paragraph 39(1)(l) of the ITA


Expenditure incurred on promotional samples of products of the business for the purposes of advertising that product.


Examples of such entertainment expense are free samples of products of the business given to schools or for certain other functions.


Example 5


Fatimah Sdn Bhd which manufactures health drinks gave free samples of the health drink to all visitors at a sporting event held at a housing estate.


The expenditure on the promotional samples is fully allowable since it falls within proviso (iv) to paragraph 39(1)(l) of the ITA.


5. The provision of entertainment for cultural or sporting events open to members of the public wholly to promote the business - proviso (v) to paragraph 39(1)(l) of the ITA


Expenditure incurred on providing entertainment for cultural or sporting events which are open to members of the public for the purpose of promoting the business. Cultural or sporting events which are only open to members cannot be considered as being open to the public.


Examples of cultural or sporting events and the entertainment expense related to such events are as follows:


Events: Cultural


Examples of activities: Promotion of arts such as painting, sculpture, music, drama and dance.


Entertainment expense: Cost of passage, accommodation, food and drink for the artistes.



Events: Sports


Examples of activities: Badminton tournaments, golf tournaments, motor racing and swimming events.


Entertainment expense: Sponsorship for food, drink, sports attire and sports equipment for sportsmen.



Cultural event under this proviso means an event which is specifically held to promote arts activities. If the event held is not a cultural event, then the provision of entertainment such as music and dance performances as part of that event do not fall within this proviso. For example, the National Day Parade is not considered a cultural event.


6. The provision of promotional gifts within Malaysia of articles incorporating the logo of the business - proviso (vi) to paragraph 39(1)(l) of the ITA


Expenditure on promotional gifts within Malaysia consisting of articles incorporating a conspicuous advertisement or logo of the business. Articles given away as promotional gifts need not necessarily be the products of the business. The logo could either be affixed or embossed on those articles. Logo of the business refers to the company’s logo or the logo of its products.


The promotional gifts should be given to the public on a non-discriminatory basis. Expensive gifts given to selected persons or to persons who do not have business relationship with the giver is not considered as promotional gifts under this proviso.


Example 6


In conjunction with the company's first anniversary, Irish Sdn Bhd which is a supplier of herbal aromatherapy fragrance organized a 'Treasure Hunt' contest which was opened to the public. The participation was free and limited to the first 100 who registered. Each participant would be given a Tshirt embossed with the company’s logo. The winner would be awarded a trophy with the company’s logo and a cash prize of RM1,000.


Although the T-shirts and trophy given are not the company’s products but both gifts are fully allowable since the provision of gifts falls within proviso (vi) of paragraph 39 (1)(l) of the ITA. This is because the T-shirts and trophy with the company’s logo are given to the public.


No deduction is allowed for the provision of RM1,000 in cash since it does not fall within the definition of entertainment as provided in section 18 of the ITA.


7. The provision of entertainment related wholly to sales arising from the business - proviso (vii) to paragraph 39(1)(l) of the ITA


Expenditure incurred on entertainment which is related wholly to sales arising from the business.


Examples of such expenditure are as follows:


(a) expenses on food and drink for launching of a new product;


Example 7


A real property sales agent provides food and drinks during the launching of a new housing project to existing and potential buyers.


The expenditure on food and drinks provided is fully allowable since it falls within proviso (vii) to paragraph 39(1)(l) of the ITA.


(b) redemption vouchers given for purchases made;


(c) cash vouchers, discount vouchers, shopping vouchers, meal vouchers, concert or movie tickets;


(d) redemption of gifts based on a scheme of accumulated points;


Note:


Vouchers, coupons, tickets, gifts and so on are only allowed as entertainment expenses when customers have redeemed them.


(e) free gifts for purchases exceeding a certain amount;


(f) “free” maintenance/service charges or contribution to sinking fund by property developers;


(g) lucky draw prizes given to customers for purchases made;


(h) expenditure on trips given as an incentive to dealers for achieving sales target; and


(i) expenditure incurred on refreshment given to its customer while waiting for their cars to be serviced.


Example 8


Arif Auto Service Sdn Bhd carries on a car servicing business which provides light refreshments such as tea, coffee, sandwiches to its customers while waiting for their cars to be serviced. The customers are not charged for the light refreshments provided.


The entertainment expense incurred on the light refreshments by Arif Auto Service Sdn Bhd is allowed a deduction since it is related wholly to sales arising from the business of Arif Auto Service Sdn Bhd.


8. The provision of leave passage benefit provided by an employer to its employees - proviso (viii) to paragraph 39(1)(l) of the ITA


Expenditure on leave passage benefit provided by an employer to its employees to facilitate a yearly event within Malaysia which involves the employer, employees and immediate family members of the employees.


Example 9


Era Gemilang Sdn Bhd held a family day trip for its employees at Pulau Manukan, Sabah to foster family values among its employees. The total cost incurred amounted to RM70,000 comprising cost of travel totalling RM40,000 and cost of food, drinks and accommodation totalling RM30,000.


Era Gemilang Sdn Bhd is allowed the following deductions:


(a) RM40,000 for the cost of leave passage by virtue of proviso (viii) to paragraph 39(1)(l) of the ITA; and


(b) RM30,000 for the cost of food, drinks and accommodation by virtue of proviso (i) to paragraph 39(1)(l) of the ITA.




If you have any enquiries or need clarification, please contact Bestar.




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